The Defence Housing Authority, Karachi, also known as the Pakistan Defence Officers Housing Authority, Karachi, or DHA, Karachi, is a suburban Housing development in metropolitan Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
History and administration
Residential neighborhood in DHA
The Authority came into existence through Presidential Order No.7 of 1980 and was later approved by the National Assembly of Pakistan. The Authority is spread over 8,852 acres (35.82 km2) and provides civic facilities to millions of residents. The efforts to develop DHA have been fruitful, signified by growth oriented high class living valuesThe housing projects are planned to cover every aspect of healthy living and contain parks, educational institutions and clubs. The organizational matters are attended by Secretary, Chief Engineer, Directors and a committed and work force to ensure smooth running of the organization.
The functioning of the Authority is vested in the two bodies: the Governing body headed by Secretary Ministry of Defence and Executive Board Headed by the Corps Commander Posted at Karachi. The Executive Board exercises all administrative, executive and financial powers and does all acts and things which may be exercised or done by the Authority. The Administrator is the Executive Head of the Authority and exercises all executive powers, delegation or otherwise, in accordance with the policy laid down by the Governing Body and the directions or decisions of the Executive Board.
- Korangi Road/National Highway: Korangi Road connects DHA to Shahrah-e-Faisal near the Finance and Trade Centre, Karachi on one side and Korangi Industrial Area on the other. It runs in Phase I and Phase II.
- Sunset Boulevard: Sunset Boulevard connects DHA to Mai Kolachi on one side and meets Korangi Road on the other side. Sunset Boulevard runs in Phase II.
- Khayaban-e-Shamsheer: Shamsheer meets up with Gizri Boulevard on one end and Beach Avenue on the other. It runs perpendicular to Khayaban-e-Hafiz. Landmarks on Shamsheer include the Saudi Embassy. It runs in Phase V.
- Khayaban-e-Ittehad: Ittehad meets up with Korangi Road on one side and Seaview Road on the other. Khayaban-e-Ittehad curves shortly after its intersection with 5th street and from that point onwards, runs at an angle of 45 degrees from the vertical. It meets most of the roads that run in DHA. It runs in Phase VI, Phase VII & Phase VII.
- Khayaban-e-Hafiz: Hafiz is continuous with Chaudri Khaliq-uz-Zaman Road on one side and goes deep into Phase VIII on the other side. Landmarks on Hafiz include the Saudi Embassy and the Sultan Masjid. Hafiz runs in Phase V, Phase VI and Phase VIII.
- Khayaban-e-Shaheen: Shaheen runs parallel to Hafiz. It is continuous with Zamzama Boulevard on one side and passes through 'Creek City' on the other side. Landmarks on Shaheen include Shaikh Zaid's 'Mehel'. Shaheen runs in Phase V, Phase VI and Phase VIII
- Gizri: Gizri is mainly a commercial road. Gizri is continuous with Khayaban-e-Hafiz on one side and Chaudry Khaliq-uz-Zaman Road on the other. Landmarks on Gizri include the 'Submarine Chowk'. Gizri has its own system of streets and lanes, known as the 'Gizri Streets' and 'Gizri Lanes'. It runs in Phase IV.
- Zamzama: Zamzama is another commercial road that is continuous with Khayaban-e-Shaheen on one side and ends at 'Two Talwar' on the other side. Zamzama also has its own system of streets and lanes, known as 'Commercial lanes' (not to be confused with the commercial lanes in Phase IV) and 'Zamzama streets'. It runs in Phase V. Zamzama street is home to Karachi's most elite designer shops for clothes, shoes and accessories. It also has a number of high end restaurants and coffee shops which are popular hang out spots for the rich and the fashionable residing in the posh neighborhood of DHA
- Khayaban-e-Bahria: Bahria runs perpendicular to Khayaban-e-Hafiz. It meets up with Khayaban-e-Ittehad on one side and Seaview Road on the other. Landmarks on Bahria include the Sultan Masjid. It runs in Phase V and Phase VII.
- 26th street: 26th street runs parallel to Khayaban-e-Hafiz. It meets up with Abdullah Shah Ghazi road/Shahrah-e-Firdousi on one side and goes deep into Phase VIII on the other. 26th street runs in Phase V, Phase VI and Phase VIII.
- Seaview Road/Beach Avenue: Seaview Road runs along the sea, hence its name. Seaview Road connects Defence with Mai Kolachi on one side and goes deep into Phase VIII on the other side. Seaview Road runs in Phase V, Phase VI and Phase VIII.
A panorama of Seaview Road
- Commercial Avenue: Commercial Avenue runs parallel to Khayaban-e-Hafiz. It meets up with Khayaban-e-Jami on one side and Khayaban-e-Ittehad on the other. Commercial Avenue has its own system of streets and lanes, known as 'Commercial Streets' and 'Commercial Lanes' (not to be confused with Zamzama's commercial lanes). Commercial Avenue is also known as the 'naalay walee sarak' (road with the drainage line) because a drain runs through the middle of the road. Landmarks on Commercial Avenue include the Imam Bargha and the DHA School Phase IV branch. Commercial Avenue runs through Phase IV and Phase VI.
- Zulfiqar Street 1: Zulfiqar Street 1 starts at Khayaban-e-Ittehad and ends at Seaview Road. Creek Club, Marina Club, Carlton Hotel, Area 51 and Golf Club are all located on Zulfiqar Street 1. Zulfiqar Street 1 also meets up with Creek City. It runs through Phase VIII.
The DHA public library (Defence Central Library)
System of streets and lane
There are six main systems of streets and lanes in DHA: the normal streets and lanes, found in Phase IV, V, VI, VII and VIII; the commercial streets and lanes, found in Phase IV; the Gizri streets and lanes, found in Phase IV; the Zamzama streets, found in Phase V; the South/Central/North streets, found in Phase I, Phase II and Phase II extension; and the Sunset streets and lanes, found in Phase II and Phase II extension.
- Normal streets and lanes: In the normal system, streets and lanes are parallel to each other, with the exception of 26th lane, which runs at an angle to all the other lanes. Normal streets and lanes run parallel to Khayaban-e-Hafiz.
- Commercial streets and lanes: Commercial streets run parallel to Commercial Avenue, while commercial lanes run perpendicular to Commercial Avenue. 5th Commercial Lane, 4th Commercial Lane, 2nd Commercial Lane and 1st Commercial Lane meet up with the Gizri system of streets and lanes.
- Gizri streets and lanes: In the Gizri system, streets and lanes are perpendicular to each other, as would be expected. Gizri streets run parallel to Gizri Boulevard, while Gizri lanes run perpendicular to Gizri Boulevard. N lane, N Street, M Street, 1st Gizri Street, Gizri Avenue, 2nd Gizri Lane and 1st Gizri Lane all meet up with Commercial Avenue. Gizri Avenue also meets up with Gizri, and goes on to meet Zamzama as well.
- Zamzama streets and lanes: Zamzama's streets have their own peculiarities: 12th Zamzama Street, 9th Zamzama Street and 1st Zamzama Street run perpendicular to Zamzama while the other Zamzama streets run parallel to it. 4th Zamzama street meets up with Two Talwar. 3rd Zamzama Street is continuous with Khayaban-e-Shujaat.
- South/Central/North streets: The South/Central/North Streets run parallel to each other and perpendicular to Sunset Boulevard. South Streets run from Sunset Boulevard to South Circular Avenue, Central Streets run from South Circular Avenue till Sailor Street, and North Streets run from Korangi Road till the end of Phase I.
- Sunset streets and lanes: Sunset streets run perpendicular to Sunset Boulevard while Sunset lanes run parallel to it.
Defence Authority College of Business
The Defence Authority College of Business (DACB) is situated in DHA Phase-VI on 3rd Street off Khayaban-e-Sehar. The institution is affiliated with University of Karachi, one of the three Pakistani universities ranked among top 600 of the world. DACB was established in 2000.The college offers BBA and MBA programs. College maintains qualified faculty and excellent resources. It is one of the few institutions in Pakistan that provide top quality and cost-effective business education to outstanding candidates. In 2008/09, the college accepted only 220 candidates of which roughly 40% got full waiver of tuition fee by virtue of their past scholastic record, 15% got half-waiver and the rest paid a low fee subsidized by the Defence Authority. DACB being a public intuition is furthering the access of quality higher education in business to talented Pakistani youth.
Defence Housing Authority, Islamabad-Rawalpindi is a housing society located in the twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. Due to the location of the housing society, the name was considered controversial and confusing. However, Defense Housing Authority recently updated its name on 19 March 2013. It has now been established that Phase I and Phase I Extension is located in the city ofRawalpindi, while the rest of the land (Phase II and Phase II Extension) in Zone V of the capital city Islamabad. It was primarily established for Defence service personnel in 1992 by Armed Forces of Pakistan welfare department. It is spread over an area of about 97, 903 Kanals (50 sq Km).
DHA Islamabad-Rawalpindi is subdivided in five phases:
- Phase I
- Phase I Extension
- Phase II
- Phase II Extension
- DHA Valley
- Phase III
- Phase IV
DHA Islamabad-Rawalpindi is headed by a serving Brigadier of Pakistan army under the W&R (Welfare and Rehabilitation) Directorate of Pakistan Army.
- Phase I and Phase I Extension
DHA Islamabad-Rawalpindi Phase I is located in Rawalpindi south east of Morgah and Attock Refinery, Rawalpindi. This phase on its south west enjoys waters of Soan River, while this phase is linked to the city through GT Road and Jhelum Road. It covers an area of 11000 Kanals (5.56 Sq. km) providing a total of 3100 residential plots An even greater area acquired by Defense Housing Authority just south west of Phase I has been named Phase I Extension and covers a total of 16750 Kanals (8.47 Sq. km). It is located at the south end of Rawalpindi city near Askari XIV Housing Society, and its perimeter extending as far as Dhagal village on Adyala Road of Rawalpindi District and Rawalpindi Central Jail. The extension is still under development and will be completed in two parts. The development of part one has already begun
- Phase II and Phase II Extension
Located in Zone V of Islamabad near the infamous Kahuta Triangle, with GT Road on its south end and Islamabad Highway on its North. The project was commenced in February 1994, this phase stretches on 15060 Kanals (7.61 Sq. km). Here over 90% of the developmental projects have been completed and construction in this phase is rather rapid as over 500 plots are under construction. Phase II Extension launched in March 2005 is the a massive project standing at 55000 kanals (27.81 Sq. km). According to DHAIR website "The masterplan is designed by world-renowned Town Planning company 'OJRM' Los Angeles, USA.". Extension has of Phase II has been divided into sectors; namely, A, B, C and D.
Launched in 18 August 2008, is located Adjacent to Phase II in Zone V of Islamabad. This project takes into consideration lower income families as it incorporates residential plot sizes of 5 and 8 marla. Moreover, it also contains 4 and 8 marla commercial plots.
All phases of DHA Islamabad have commercial zones along with the residential. Important commercial areas of DHA Islamabad are:
- DHA Mall Phase I
- Shop A Shop (Blulane Commercial District)
- Business Bay
- World Trade Center, Islamabad
Defence Housing Authority, Lahore
Defence Housing Authority
19 March 1975
The Defence Housing Authority (DHA), Lahore is a housing society located in southern Lahore, Pakistan. Much like Askari Housing Society, Lahore, DHA too was originally built for army officers, but is now a popular destination for potential residents and businessmen. DHA is a popular residential area, mainly for the affluent of Pakistan.
The Defence Housing Authority is one of the most developed and high-end living areas in the country. Since the late 1990s, this once army-controlled area has attracted various 'elite' residents, such as celebrities, top military officials, politicians and many foreigners of Pakistani descent. It is also the home of LUMS University (Lahore University of Management Sciences), a prestigious institution of higher learning with international recognition, which has also caused a few parking issues in the area as of late. The community also hosts many Western amenities including a number of McDonald's, Subways, Dunkin Donuts and Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurants, which have served as a convenience for many foreign visitors.
Often deemed "The New Rich", the Defence Housing Authority is a community known for its upscale shops, corporate offices, vibrant social life, and literate elite. Residential homes in the area start at around Rs 20 million (UK £150,000) and go up' to Rs 25 crore (UK £2,000,000) and above. Private school tuition rates have increased in recent years. The area is maintained by private developers and the park upkeep has become the sole responsibility of the DHA management.
Furthermore, the area has also undergone extensive gentrification, bringing in a more wealthy base. The recent influx of population from the adjoining areas has also given birth to a number of problems and the crime rate has also gone up. As a result of this, DHA guards have stepped up patrolling
During the past five years, developers have claimed extraterritorial land, which has increased new development in the area. New developments include a world-class golf resort in partnership with Bandar Raya of Malaysia and a shopping and office complex in partnership with Global Haly of the United Kingdom.
DHA encompasses two famous shopping centres, known as the 'Y-block' market and the 'H-block' marke which hold all kinds of Western to Continental food shops, cafes, hospitals, fitness clinics, gyms and gift shops. As of late, Y-block has also had the honour of playing host to one of Lahore's very first tattoo shop as well DHA Y Block also have a Sports Club having gym, large commercial swimming pool (design, execution and supply & installation of pool equipment by Jopic Poo)and other sports facilities for the community. There are other smaller commercial markets in DHA- like T block which has many cafes - like Hot spot, Jammin - Java and various other salons. T block commercial area also has the very first swimming pool & spa equipment display center called Olympic Pool.
Two international standard sports complexes have been planned in the area and construction has started on the projects as of 2011.
The main hospital situated in the heart of DHA is one of the best hospitals in Lahore; it is a private hospital called The National Hospital. Alternative hospitals within easy reach of DHA can be found on the Defence Main Boulevard (the road leading to the main DHA entrance). In addition to the hospitals, small clinics can be found in markets all over. Many pharmacies can also be found scattered throughout. T block will soon be having a health /wellness medical spa called SAMS (Skin Analysis Medical Spa)
DHA, like the rest of Lahore, is overflowing with food lovers and has a lot of variety of foods on offer, from fast food chains such as McDonald's, Hardees, Kentucky Fried Chickenand Pizza Hut to upper-scale restaurants specialising in Pakistani and Western cuisine. The 'Food Street' situated in the 'H-Block' market is home to many local small-scale restaurants and takeaways providing countless cuisines; the famous ones are Cock & Bull (famous for its chicken cheese shewarma) and Karachi Hot'n'Spicy (for Pakistani cuisine). Besides the larger restaurants, DHA is full of small cafes which offer a nice atmosphere to chill out, such as Jammin Java, The Hot Spot, Masoom's Pancake Lounge and Gloria Jean's Cafe.
DHA is home to various educational institutes, including LUMS University (Lahore University of Management Sciences) and the Lahore School of Economics (LSE). Other institutes in the DHA include Ibn-e-Sina College (named after the philosopher), the Lahore Alma School, Lahore Grammar School, which has branches all over Lahore, and Learning Alliance, which also has branches in Faisalabad and Gulberg. The Beaconhouse School System operates a branch here. An elite Kids Campus, DHA Kindergarten and Defence Degree Colleges for boys and girls and Lahore Model School (LMS)are also present. Lahore's first Urban Learning-based Activities Center, The Knowledge Factory is also located in Phase 2 of DHA.
DHA is regarded as one of the most expensive communities in Lahore as far as the prices of both residential and commercial property go Pakistan real estate in general and property in DHA in particular underwent a boom during the early and mid 2000s when overseas Pakistani starting sending substantial amounts of their savings back home after 9/11. As a result of this influx of money, Pakistan real estate in general and DHA Lahore property market in particular experienced immense growth Pakistan real estate experts from Zameen.com (the largest property portal of Pakistan), reckon that DHA Lahore was only one of the beneficiaries of these funds. DHA Lahore expanded rapidly during this period and it now consists of 11 phases as of March 2013, five of which were announced after 2002.